[Dirvish] Dirvish on ubuntu with dash

Loren M. Lang lorenl at alzatex.com
Mon Jan 16 20:18:58 UTC 2012

On 1/9/2012 3:30 AM, Dave Howorth wrote:
> Jason Boxman wrote:
>> I didn't want this solution to get lost in the void.  It was provided to me
>> by Ralf Weinedel.
>>> Ubuntu uses dash for default 'sh' and the call must _export_ the
>>> environment variables to be available inside the scripts. As a workaround I
>>> changed the sub scriptrun in dirvish (around line 942)
>> /bin/sh -c 'cd /var/backup/<vault>/20111228-3/tree;
>> DIRVISH_DEST=/var/backup/<vault>/20111228-3/tree
>> DIRVISH_IMAGE=<vault>:default:20111228-3 DIRVISH_STATUS=success ;
>> /etc/dirvish/pre-server'
> I'm not a shell expert so hopefully somebody else will chime in but
> isn't the problem actually the semi-colon between the environment
> variables and the command? Where does that come from?

Yes, I can confirm that Ubuntu and probably Debian use dash for their 
standard Bourne Shell:
$ ls -l /bin/sh
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4 2009-02-14 02:23 /bin/sh -> dash

And yes, the problem is the semicolon.  A standard feature of Bourne 
Shell is to specify environment variables in front of a command.  When 
specified by themselves in a command, they are just a shell variable and 
need to be exported for child processes to see them, but when they are 
specified directly in front of a command, they are seen as environment 
variables and are only seen by the command itself.  Here's a thorough 
test of the feature:

$ sh -c 'TEST_INHERITANCE="It works" /bin/dash -c "echo \$TEST_INHERITANCE"'
It works

> Cheers, Dave
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Loren M. Lang
lorenl at alzatex.com

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